Sunday, October 18, 2020

Funeral Traditions in Ancient Egypt

 The ancient Egyptians firmly believed in the eternal afterlife, therefore they developed a complex funerary cult that allowed them life after death. Learn more details and interesting facts about the funeral traditions in ancient Egypt, Mummification, and ancient Egyptian Mythology with Cairo Top Tours!

To live in the afterlife, the Egyptians believed that it was necessary to preserve the deceased through mummification, to allow the soul to live in the embalmed body. The dead were then provided with whatever could be useful to them after death, before delivering them forever to eternity with a series of elaborate funeral rituals.

These body conservation techniques, described in detail in the section dedicated to mummification, could be implemented by natural means, using simple sandy tombs in which natural mummification took place, or by embalming, which took place according to procedures still unknown.

The first mummies, from prehistoric times, were probably accidental. Mummification began under the 4th dynasty, with the development of artificial embalming techniques. The priests first removed all internal organs, except the heart, which would also have a key role in ultra-earthly life. Then the corpse was dried with natron and finally wrapped in linen bandages.

Special canopic jars guarded the internal organs of the dead. Intestines, stomach, liver, and lungs were placed in separate vessels, next to the coffin inside the tomb. Among the most valuable canopic vases are those found from the tomb of Tutankhamon, now preserved in the rooms of Tutankhamen in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

A death mask was placed on the head of the mummy, to help the spirit of the deceased person to recognize his body.

All the masks of the mummies, from the splendid gilded specimens of the pharaohs to the more common ones in cartonnage, were idealized portraits of the dead.

The mummy was often buried, as well as with a large number of earthly objects, with funerary furnishings, including amulets, ritual figurines, and a model boat for transport to the afterlife.

Ceremonies and funeral rites:

At the funeral, relatives offered food, and the priests performed special rituals. These ceremonies were to protect the deceased on his journey to the afterlife, protecting him on his path.

For added support, ritual images and texts were placed on the body of the deceased or used to decorate the tomb.

The ritual of the opening of the mouth was performed before the burial since in this way the senses would be reactivated and the deceased could continue to live in the afterlife.

The "weighing of the heart" was the final stage in the journey to the afterlife. The deities presided over the ceremony to decide whether the dead deserved eternal life. The god Anubis weighed his heart with the feather of truth. If the heart was too heavy, it was given to the monster Ammut, which devoured it. Only in the case of equilibrium did the dead have the right to eternal life.

Learn more about Religion in ancient and modern in the Middle East when you Travel to Egypt through a variety of Egypt Classic ToursClassic packages to EgyptEgypt Travel Packages, Egypt day tours, Cairo day tours, and Cairo day tours from airport to visit the Egyptian museums and the various temples established to honor those deities of Egypt the cradle of civilizations, It's time to explore Egypt accompanied by our professional guides throughout your Luxor day tours, Aswan day tours as well as the private Budget tours to Egypt to see the achievements of the famous Pharaohs while enjoying Egypt Vacations and Egypt holiday packages and when you step on the foot of the only remaining monuments from the seven wonders of the world throughout the tour to Giza pyramids the Sphinx, The Egyptian Museum tourValley of Kings, Coptic Cairo Tour and Islamic Cairo trip as well as Karnak Temple and all the wonders when you plan your tours to Egypt.

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The Temples of Ancient Egypt

 In the world of the ancient Egyptians, the universe was made up of two opposing forces - fertility and aridity, life and death, order and chaos - whose balance was held by the goddess Maat and the construction of colossal temples dedicated to the gods. Learn more with Cairo Top Tours!!

The "cult" temple, located in the center of each settlement and consecrated to a particular divinity or groups of gods, served to guard the divine power, entrusted to the clergy for the good of all. The temple also represented a political and economic center that employed numerous local communities and served as a town hall, health, and education center.

The temples of worship

They are templar complexes, which in addition to being the seat of divinity, also symbolized the universe. Its architecture represented the fundamental elements such as water, sunlight, forests, and, in the depths of the temple, darkness.

An example is the temple of Karnak, a place of worship used by priests to purify themselves before sacred rites.

The central court of the cult temple was a colonnaded courtyard decorated with reliefs that archaeological evidence shows us the king in his daily activities or while making offerings to the temple gods.

The Egyptian priests, "servants of the god or goddess", responsible for the daily rites that regulated the activities of the universe. The king, although he was the intermediary between the mortal and divine spheres, delegated his duties to the high priest of the temple. He was responsible for the most important temple rituals, such as the worship of the god inside the sanctuary.

The funerary temples

In addition to the "cult" rooms, each king had a funerary temple built so that, after his death, offerings could be brought for his soul. Originally, in the Ancient and Middle Kingdoms, temples were united with royal tombs, but around 1500 BC they became vast and elaborate complexes built separately from the tombs, which were instead hidden in isolated deserted valleys.

The great temples on the West Bank of the Nile in Luxor or the Mortuary Temple of Ramses II in Thebes are fine examples of the New Kingdom funerary temples.

The magnificent temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Deir al-Bahri has one of the most original forms among the funerary temples found.

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An Overnight Tour to Luxor from Cairo by Flight
A great Overnight Tour to Luxor from Cairo by Flight
A lovely Luxor Hot Air Balloon Ride while you can have scenic views of the whole city of Thebes, Luxor nowadays.

Try a Day Trip to Luxor from Sharm El Sheikh from our selection of Sharm El Sheikh Day Tours and Excursions
Our range of Hurghada Day Tours also did not miss a Luxor Day Tours from Hurghada or 2 Days Trip to Luxor from Hurghada
Luxor Day Trip from Dahab by FlightLuxor Tour from Marsa Alam or indeed, if you want to pick from Egypt Day Tours in Taba by a Luxor Day Trip from Taba by Flight
And you can explore  Aswan Day Tours, Sightseeing and Excursions through the unique Aswan to Luxor Day Trip

Or from Egypt Travel Packages like:
Egypt Christmas and New Year Tours like a charming 5 Days Cairo and Luxor Holiday during the Christmas
5-Days Cairo and Alexandria Tour Package
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Egypt Luxury Customized Tours to Cairo & Nile Cruise Luxury Tour

Or you can enjoy one of our Egypt Nile Cruise Tours such as: