Saturday, July 4, 2020

King Amenemhat I

It seems certain that King Amenemhat I, vizier during the 11th dynasty, was none other than the future King of Egypt. It is to be assumed that at a given moment he conspired against his royal lord and, perhaps after a few years of unrest, he ascended the throne in his place. Discover more about the 12th dynasty kings with Cairo top Tours!

A recent discovery makes the hypothesis very likely: an inscription from the XVIII dynasty, coming from the third pillar of the Karnak temple, names after Nebhepetra, and Sankhkara, a "father of the god" Senwosre, which given its title cannot be other than the non-royal parent of Amenemhat I.
In the Leningrad museum, there is a papyrus whose sole purpose is the glorification of this sovereign and which therefore must have been composed during his reign or not long after. It is narrated that King Snofru, wanting to have fun, asked his courtiers to find an intelligent man who knew how to offer him the desired entertainment. He was advised by a priest from Bubastis, certainly Nfr-ti, who, at the request of the sovereign to tell him something about the future rather than the past, launched himself into the description of an imminent catastrophe. However, salvation would eventually come.
The descent of Amenemhat I from a non-royal lineage is indicated quite clearly, because the expression " someone's son " was in common use to designate a man born from a good family, but not of princely origin. Ta-Sti was called the first name of Upper Egypt, of which Elephantine was the capital and where the population was certainly partly Nubian. Ameny is a well-established abbreviation of Amenemhe, which Manetone Greekized in Amenemhat. Amenemhe means " Amon is in front ".
It is clear that Amenemhat I considered himself the initiator of a new era;Weham-meswe, " Birth Repeater", metaphor derived from the monthly rebirth of the moon. It is evident that the first Amenemhat aimed to guarantee himself an absolute power analogous to that of the pharaohs of the Old Kingdom. However, a serious difference persisted, because of the problem of completely abolishing the power of the monarchs. Probably Amenemhat was already approaching maturity when he ascended the throne. In the twentieth year of his reign, the eldest son Senwosre I joined the government and both reigned together for another ten years. It can be certainly attributed to Amenemhat I the conquest of Lower Nubia. An inscription from his 29th year of reign in Kurusku commemorates his coming "to overthrow Wawae ".
Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo day tours like:

King Mentuhotep II

At the end of the glorious reign of Menthotpe I, nothing suggested that his family's power would end. Yet, so it was. The Turin canon grants Sankhkara Menthotpe II twelve years of reign but makes him the last king of the 11th dynasty which is not entirely accurate. Discover more with Cairo Top Tours!

Also in the lists of Abydos and Saqqara, Sankhkara is considered the immediate predecessor of Shetepibra Ammenemes I, founder of the 12th dynasty and initiator of the period known to us as the Middle Kingdom.
Certain inscriptions on isolated stone blocks in various cities of Upper Egypt show that Sankhkara was a brisk builder of temples and chapels. A long inscription engraved on the rocks of Wadi Hammamat during his eighth year of reign reports that his steward Henu was sent there to direct the stone quarries for the statues to be placed in the sacred buildings. Henu says he left Coptic with three thousand well-armed soldiers after a police force cleared the way of the rebels. On the way to the Red Sea, he had many wells excavated. The inscription also speaks of a fleet sent to Punt to make 'myrrh recipe' and it was precisely on the return that the work was carried out on the stone quarry. It is rather problematic to establish where Sankhkara was buried.
Next to Deir el-Bahri to the south lies the wide and elevated hill of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, and to the south of this, there is a valley more or less similar to the one chosen by Menthotpe I for his own grave, although very less picturesque, where you can see the vestiges of a wide elevated road and the beginning of a sloping tunnel. According to Winlock, this tunnel was hastily enlarged to form a burial chamber and then walled up. It is however probable that Sankhkara was buried in those areas because, high on the cliffs that dominate the two valleys, the graffiti of the priests assigned to the funeral cult of the two Menthotpe remained.
Would you like to live a journey through ancient Egyptian culture and mythology? you can make it happen and spend a day to visit Abydos, Giza, Luxor, Aswan to see the tombs of the Pharaohs adorned with very clear, detailed and beautifully painted scenes of the various deities of ancient Egypt as well as many other sites, cities, adventures and things to do in Cairo, you can try and book one of our range of Egypt tours and Egypt Travel Packages many privately guided groups of Cairo day tours from airport and Egypt day tours to explore the capital city of Egypt, Cairo you can check a lot of Egypt itineraries or go on one of our full Cairo day tours like: